Archive | March, 2013

US-Style School Reform Goes South

20 Mar
This article from The Nation does an excellent job connecting Globilization,  Neoliberalism, and the privitization of education in Mexico.

Just weeks after taking office, Mexico’s new president, Enrique Peña Nieto, ordered the arrest of the country’s most powerful union leader, Elba Esther Gordillo. The move garnered international headlines and was widely cast as a sign that the government was serious about cracking down on corruption. But virtually no one in Mexico believes that was the real reason for her arrest.

The timing alone suggests a different interpretation. Gordillo, president of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE), was charged with embezzlement and removed from office in late February-shortly after the Mexican Congress gave its final approval to an education reform program that is hated by most of the country’s teachers.

Gordillo was a longtime ally of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), the party not only of Peña Nieto but of the disgraced former president of Mexico, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, who imposed her as the union’s president in 1989, after forcing her predecessor to resign. Although Gordillo was forced out of the party several years ago in a power struggle, she remained one of the most powerful politicians in Mexico.

An anti-democratic union leader, Gordillo may prove to be guilty of the charges leveled against her. But what placed her in the cross-hairs of Mexico’s corporate elite was more likely her inability to keep teachers under control as the country moves forward with its latest neoliberal reform-this time of its schools.

One leader of the progressive opposition within the SNTE, Juan Ortega Madrigal, warned that Peña Nieto “is totally wrong if he believes that he can silence the voices of 500,000 teachers by decree,” adding that they would not “abandon the defense of public education.” Teachers backed up that sentiment with a two-day national strike. Rubén Núñez Ginez, the head of Oaxaca’s teachers union, said they would not permit a law to take effect that attacks public education and the rights of teachers.

Since the fall, teachers have been demonstrating and striking against the PRI’s proposal, which would tie their jobs to standardized tests and remove the voice of the union in hiring. But the corporate offensive to gain control of the country’s schools was launched long before Peña Nieto took office.

Just months after Waiting for Superman hit US movie screens in 2010, ¡De Panzazo! premiered in Mexico City. Both are movies produced by neoliberal education reformers who believe teachers and unions are responsible for the failings of the education system.  And their near-simultaneous release and ideological resemblance was no coincidence: in Mexico City, ¡De Panzazo! was screened not in a movie theater, but in the twenty-fourth-floor offices of the World Bank. “One can see similarities to the U.S. documentary, Waiting for Superman,” an article on the bank’s website noted, especially “in its suggestion that teachers’ unions bear a significant responsibility [for the failings of public schools.]”

Luis Hernández Navarro, opinion editor of the Mexico City daily La Jornada, saw the similarities too. “Both have two central elements in common,” he wrote. “They criticize public education in their countries, and they’re financed and backed by important people in the business world.”

A network of large corporations and banks extends throughout Latin America, financed and guided in part from the United States, pushing the same formula: standardized tests, linking teachers’ jobs and pay to test results, and bending the curriculum to employers’ needs while eliminating social critique. The medicine doesn’t go down easily, however. In both countries, grassroots opposition-from parents and teachers-has been rising. In Seattle, teachers at Garfield High have refused to give the tests. In Michoacan, in central Mexico, sixteen teachers went to jail because they also refused.

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Joyful learning, not Juvie!

13 Mar

Washington Incarceration Stops Here (W.I.S.H.)  recently posted this announcement on their facebook page:

Sat Mar 16th,  10-1:45

12th and Alder: Juvenile Hall

The county is having an open house at the Juvie to “Talk with King County staff about the public involvement, design and construction process; learn about programs designed to help youth and families; share your comments and concerns at the open house”.

We are gathering outside to express our unyielding disgust and outrage for the existence of the Juvie and the county’s reinvestment into cages, instead of youth.

Come on down, make some art, make some noise and talk to some folks about why we shouldn’t cage youth and what we should do instead.

Hopefully readers can make it out to this important event. We should fight for quality schools  instead of more youth jails. 

However, we should also insist that the schools themselves should be nothing like jails.  During their break today, some of my students had a debate about whether school is as bad as jail; some said that it is becuase it’s all about control, discipline, and boredom.  Others said jail is far worse, and it’s insulting to folks who have been to prison to suggest there is any comparison. 

In any case, the fact that any students feel the comparison is apt shows that there is a problem in our schools that would require radically transforming them, not simply chanting “schools not jails”.

Making sure that resources go to creative learning projects instead of an expanded  juvenile detention center is a good start.  Much respect to W.I.S.H for pushing this forward, with an uncompromising comittment to youth freedom.